Fine Art in Definition, Elements, Functions, and Types
What does fine art mean?
A Fine Art is a branch of art that produces works of art where the shape and quality can be felt by the human senses, especially the sense of sight and sense of touch.
There are also people who say the notion of art is a branch of art that produces a work that can be enjoyed by society in general because it can have real forms and forms that can be seen
In other words, fine art is a work of art that focuses on visual beauty and touch. For certain people, this artwork can be an entertainment alone just by looking at it or touching it
Through this branch of art one can show expression in himself to others.
Based on its form, art can be divided into two, namely:
- 2-Dimensional Art, which is a work of art that can only be seen from one point of view and has dimensions of length and width. Example; art of painting, relief art, graphic arts, and others
- 3-dimensional art, which is a work of art that is shaped like a building and has a volume where its dimensions consist of length, width, and height. Example; sculpture, architectural art, craft arts, ceramic arts, and others.
Elements of Fine Arts
Color is an element of art
Referring to the explanation above, there are several elements that make up an art. The elements of fine art are as follows:
1. Point Element
Point is the smallest element and is the basis of all art ideas that will be made by an artist.
2. Line Element
Lines are elements that combine all dots into a particular shape. The line will form the characteristics and character of a work of art (rigid, flexible, hard, and so on)
3. Field Elements
Field is the result of the development and incorporation of many lines so as to produce several sides in a work of art.
4. Form Element
Forms are elements that make a work of art more meaningful and alive with all the details and touches that make it more beautiful
5. Space Element
Space elements are elements that have real and pseudo properties, depending on their dimensions (2D and 3D)
6. Color Element
Color is a very important element in a work of art. Blending colors can make a work of art more beautiful
7. Texture Element
In this case the texture is the nature or condition contained in a work of art. In art, texture consists of two types, namely pseudo texture and real texture
8. Light and Dark Element
The light-dark element is an element that can make a work of art look more real because it deals with the details of an object in art
Functions of Fine Arts
In general, the function of art can be divided into two. The functions of fine art are as follows:
1. Individual Function
Fine art can function as a satisfaction for individual needs, especially for an artist. There is an inner satisfaction that is felt by an artist when he can express himself through the artwork they create.
2. Social Function
In addition to individual satisfaction, inner satisfaction can also be felt by the community of art lovers from an art they see. That’s why there are many people who buy a piece of art they like even though it’s expensive.
In addition to individual and social functions, fine art also has other functions, namely;
• As a means of fulfilling an individual’s emotional needs, for example to express themselves for inner satisfaction.
• As a means of worship or the media to get closer to the creator.
• As a means of communication within a community group.
• Provide education to the public, both implicitly and explicitly.
• As a media to commemorate or preserve Indonesian culture.
Types of Fine Art
After understanding its meaning and function, of course we also need to know what types of art are.
The following is the explanation:
- Pure Fine Art
This is a branch of art that produces works that focus more on the value of beauty or aesthetics only, and does not care about the practical values of the work made. The few examples included in this type of art are as follows;
• Art painting
• Graphic arts
• Calligraphy art
• Ceramic art
2. Design Art
Art design is a branch of art that deals with the creative process of planning or designing shapes. Some of which are included in the art of design are as follows;
• Interior design
• Fashion design
• Visual design
• Fashion designCraft Art
3. Craft Art
Craft art is a work of art created by using hand skills and paying attention to the artistic value and functional aspects of a work produced. Some of which include craft arts are as follows:
• Rattan craft
• Sculpture and wood carving
• Bamboo craft crafts
• Ceramic crafts
• Metal craf
Thus a brief explanation of the definition of art, elements, functions, and types. Hopefully this article is useful and adds to your insight.