Understanding of Naturalist Painting and Some Figures Applying It
Naturalist Painting is a work of art that is usually applied in the form of canvas media or other media. There are many streams applied by painting experts in producing a work that they have. One of them is the flow of naturalism painting.
Well, for those of you who are still confused about what naturalism is. Here we will explain everything just for you all. Just go ahead and see the reviews
Understanding of Naturalist Painting
Then what is the meaning of naturalist painting itself? So naturalism painting is a stream of art that prioritizes the accuracy and similarity of objects painted to make it look natural and realistic.
In this case the example is the environment that exists in the surrounding environment. The flow of naturalism painting itself is a form of appreciation of Artists for the beauty of nature.
In general, artists will usually raise the theme of the beauty of the scenery around, one example of which is what happened to the indie mooi movement in Indonesia (the Dutch East Indies, to be exact).
Another notion of painting in naturalism is that it is one example of how a flow can also be defined centuries after the initial movement emerged.
This is because even though the movement of naturalism is a manifestation of the development of realism and against romanticism, the prototypes have existed from the 17th century. The initial form of Naturalism in the 1820s had become the dominant trend in landscape painting. This was because it was influenced by English artist John Constable.
The Difference Between Naturalist Painting and Realism
The definition of naturalism is often confused with the flow of realism, whereas in fact the two types of flow are quite easy to distinguish. If the flow of realism will usually raise a realistic theme, for example, the image in a painting does not always have to be similar to the reference.
It is precisely the art of the flow of naturalism that prioritizes the similarity of the image depicted according to its reference in nature.
Although in fact realism painting can also take advantage of these similarities to make ideas and themes more realistic but it is naturalism painting that fits perfectly with this.
Different from the term naturalism which is often used in art such as naturalism painting for example. In the world of literature, the flow of naturalism can mean a more radical prose fiction from the story of realism. Which means that in this case a literature of naturalism flow will tell clearly the reality that often occurs everyday without censoring controversial scenes or dialogues.
Characteristics of Naturalist Painting
In general, the characteristics of naturalism cents themselves consist of the following.
- Prioritize the similarity of the image that is in the painting by using the object painted in accordance with the reference model;
- The main weapon in producing paintings is the expertise of artists;
- Artists will usually bring beautiful painting themes based on their purity
- Naturalism itself is a form of appreciation of artists for the beauty of nature
- The theme of the beauty of the surrounding landscape becomes a theme that they adopt;
- Artists will portray the beauty or beauty of human portraits as they are, without being exaggerated according to their natural nature.
Important figures from Examples of Painting of Naturalism
In the art of naturalism, there are several important figures behind the creation of naturalism, as follows.
John Constable is a British artist who is regarded as one of the most influential artists in the development of the art of naturalism. In his time he refused the landscape painting style. He prefers to create his own way of representation based on what he sees as honestly as he can put it on the canvas. In addition, John also chose to paint what was around him first.
Thomas Cole was born in the British industrial area, at that time Cole moved to the United States during his youth. And since then he always tried to capture the exotic beauty of the deserts found on the American continent. At that time, the paintings by Thomas Cole, became a monument to the hopes and anxieties of the new Americans who had grown during the mid-19th century.
Thomas Cole was regarded as the first artist to bring the eyes of painters to Europe in the American environment at that time. However, even so the results of his paintings also continue to express a unique American landscape.
William Bliss Baker
William Bliss Baker is an artist born in the United States. Initially in 1876 he took his artistic education path at the National Academy of Design. Baker is a talented artist who has held many exhibitions even when he was still studying.
This is because Baker was indeed an expert and skilled in painting long before he started his formal education. Not only that, he also won a lot of awards such as the Elliot and Hallgarten awards which were classy awards at that time.
Not only that, William Bliss Baker is also the greatest naturalism artist with technical abilities in this genre.
He has a painting technique that is so accurate that he is able to inspire many births of new schools inspired by the flow of naturalism. Starting from the actors of photorealism in the modern era, to the hyper-realism in the contemporary era that exists today.
His art work stopped when Baker died at a young age precisely at the beginning of the age of 27 due to an ice skating accident.
Not only painters of naturalism from abroad, but there are also figures from Indonesian painters who are also famous for their naturalism painting, Abdullah Surisubroto.
Abdullah was called the first generation Indonesian painter who had gained an international reputation precisely in the 20th century, after Raden Saleh preceded it in the 19th century.
Abdullah himself is a child from the national movement figure, Dr. Wahidin Sudirohusodo. At that time, Abdullah Suriosubroto was sent to medical school in the Netherlands, but he preferred to become a painter because of his talent and expertise.
Abdullah Surisubroto himself is a father of a well-known painter, namely Basoeki Abdullah and sculptor Trijoto Abdullah.
The next figure of the creator of naturalist painting is Basuki Abdullah who is the son of Abdullah Suriosubroto. Basuki Abdullah is also one of the figures who has considerable influence in the world of Indonesian art.
Basuki Abdullah began to like the world of art from childhood (age 4 years). His expertise is supported by his field of education. At that time, Basuki Abdullah received formal arts education at the Academy of Fine Arts precisely at an Academie Voor Beldeende Kunsten Den Haag, the Netherlands.
That is information about the notion of naturalism painting to several figures who are very important in creating naturalism paintings from foreign figures to domestic figures such as Basuki Abdullah and Abdullah Surisubroto.
So hopefully this information will be useful and can add insight to all of your readers. Thank you